Immediately after the surgery, you will be instructed to bite down on a gauze pad for an hour to slow/ stop the bleeding. Gently remove the pad, and then repeat for half an hour if required.
For the first 48 hours, be gentle with the surgery site. Avoid ‘swilling’ liquid over the area, and don’t touch or irritate the area. Don’t undertake any strenuous exercise for at least 48 hours.
The night after the surgery, clean your remaining teeth gently with a soft toothbrush, as normal. Avoid the surgery site, but after a few days you can gently begin to clean the area when you feel comfortable doing so. Your surgeon will likely advise you to use a warm salt mouthwash a number of times a day, and may prescribe a chlorhexidine mouthwash. Do not use anything other than your dentist has advised.
Try to keep food away from the surgery site, and only eat soft foods. Chewing can cause extra stress on the jawbone, which can cause bone rejection and implant failure. So, avoid crunchy foods, chewy foods, as well as anything too hot or cold.
Do not smoke. This slows down the healing process and may cause implant rejection.
Pain should not be a big problem. Over the counter pain medication should manage any pain, and remember to take them regularly for the first two days after the surgery. Take the first dose before the local anaesthetic has worn off. You may have also been prescribed antibiotics, take these as instructed and finish the full course. An infection may result in failure of the implant.
There will likely be pain and swelling. You can use an icepack to the face, but if the swelling or pain continues more than 48 hours, contact your dentist.
 Seth S, Kalra P. Effect of dental implant parameters on stress distribution at bone-implant interface. Inter J Sci Res. 2013;2:121–124